Capacity Strengthening for Child Sensitive SEDP Planning and M&E


UNICEF Vietnam

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Basic Project Information

UNICEF Vietnam worked with government partners to promote social accountability approaches to ensure national planning processes and policies improve child rights and well-being in Vietnam.

Project Summary


Improve the well-being of children in Vietnam by ensuring socio-economic development policy and planning adequately address child deprivation

  • Strengthen capacity of local authority officials in building, monitoring, and evaluating child friendly socio-economic development outcomes, plans, and programs
  • Strengthen citizen voice through the adaptation of alternative monitoring and evaluation approaches of government services
  • Improve child-focused indicators and strengthen data collection in order to create a comprehensive picture on socio-economic inequity


UNICEF Vietnam has been working closely with government partners to systematically integrate social accountability tools into the monitoring and evaluation of Vietnam’s Socio-Economic Development Plan (SEDP). To do this, UNICEF produced manuals for five types of social accountability tools:

  • Citizen Report Cards (CRCs)
  • Public Expenditure Tracking Surveys (PETS)
  • Community Scorecards (CSCs)
  • Gender Audits
  • Child Rights Based Social Audits (a tool newly developed in Vietnam)

After a pilot phase from 2010-2012, UNICEF hosted a national workshop to promote experience sharing among project provinces, the Ministry of Planning and Investment, and government officials at the provincial and national levels. Subsequently, local government officials, provincial people’s committee members, and provincial department line ministers in eight provinces received training and technical assistance in the use of each tool. Provincial leaders were then allowed to select which of the five tools to implement. As the project continues, provincial leaders will continue to use the social accountability tools, expanding into new sectors including child health and education. In conjunction with the implementation of social accountability activities, UNICEF has also been working closely with the Department of Child Protection and Care (MOLISA) to standardize targets and indicators for a more harmonized national monitoring system on children in an effort to bolster the qualitative data gathered through social accountability monitoring activities with more standardized quantitative data on multi-dimensional child poverty in Vietnam.

Use of Information Communication Technology



More than 2,700 service users have participated in social audit exercises implemented in 24 districts across 7 target provinces.

Target Population

Children, particularly those suffering multiple deprivations and ethnic minority children

Results Methodology

Project team conducts monitoring using periodic reviews, stakeholder surveys, and field monitoring visits. Final evaluation will include an independent assessment of the project’s impact based on adaptation of social accountability mechanisms into SEDP M&E plans and policy changes.

Indicators Used

  • Monetary and multidimensional child poverty rates among ethnic minority children
  • General poverty rate
  • Rate of social accountability approach use for mid-term SEDP review
  • The availability of guidance on the implementation of capacity building activities to strengthen planning, monitoring, and evaluation reforms of SEDP
  • Number of times social accountability approaches are integrated into SEDP M&E plans
  • Extent to which multidimensional child poverty measures and indicators are incorporated within poverty monitoring and targeting systems

Reported Results

  • Two out of eight provinces have included social audits as a planning, monitoring, and evaluation option for SEDP
  • Increased citizen engagement
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